All of the authors are affiliated with the Department of Psychology, The University of British Columbia. This research is part of a project entitled Long-term Effects After Prolonged Spaceflight (LEAPS), which has been made possible by funding from the Canadian Space Agency (Contract 9F007-03306/001/ST; P. Suedfeld, Principal Investigator). Lindi Cassel, Rajiv Jhangiani, Viktoria Ivanova, Ilana Weinrob, and Stephanie Mackenzie helped to collect, translate, and score the data.
Changes in the Hierarchy of Value References Associated With Flying in Space
Article first published online: 1 SEP 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal of Personality © 2010, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 78, Issue 5, pages 1411–1436, October 2010
How to Cite
Suedfeld, P., Legkaia, K. and Brcic, J. (2010), Changes in the Hierarchy of Value References Associated With Flying in Space. Journal of Personality, 78: 1411–1436. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00656.x
- Issue published online: 1 SEP 2010
- Article first published online: 1 SEP 2010
ABSTRACT One hundred twenty-five astronaut autobiographies, interviews, and oral histories were content analyzed and scored for references to values (Schwartz, 1992). The current study extended methods tested in 2 pilot studies of space veterans from many nations, of both sexes, and with different experiences within the history of human spaceflight. Value references reflected a high degree of concern with individualism, with Achievement, Enjoyment, and Self-direction ranked highest. There were relatively few value differences across demographic categories, demonstrating the impact of the spaceflight experience. After returning, the astronauts showed increased concern with Universalism, Spirituality, and Power (social recognition), a broadened set of references to values oriented toward the collective good.