Personality, Ideology, Prejudice, and Politics: A Dual-Process Motivational Model
Article first published online: 12 OCT 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal of Personality © 2010, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Special Issue: Personality and Politics
Volume 78, Issue 6, pages 1861–1894, December 2010
How to Cite
Duckitt, J. and Sibley, C. G. (2010), Personality, Ideology, Prejudice, and Politics: A Dual-Process Motivational Model. Journal of Personality, 78: 1861–1894. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00672.x
- Issue published online: 4 NOV 2010
- Article first published online: 12 OCT 2010
ABSTRACT Early theorists assumed that sociopolitical or ideological attitudes were organized along a single left-right dimension and directly expressed a basic personality dimension. Empirical findings, however, did not support this and suggested that there seem to be 2 distinct ideological attitude dimensions, best captured by the constructs of right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation, which express 2 distinct sets of motivational goals or values. We outline a dual-process motivational (DPM) model of how these 2 dimensions originate from particular personality dispositions and socialized worldview beliefs and how and why their different underlying motivational goals or values generate their wide-ranging effects on social outcomes, such as prejudice and politics. We then review new research bearing on the model and conclude by noting promising directions for future research.