This study was presented at the 117th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada, August 2009. We thank Angela Kennis, David Kennis, Hima Reddy, Lynn Sando, Joni M. Etheredge, Lauren Slater, Abigail Root, Celeste M. Kruger, Julia Keleher, and Kami Hobbs for their assistance with data collection as well as Brent Mallinckrodt and CariAnn Bergner for their help in the preparation of this article for publication.
Attachment, Self-Compassion, Empathy, and Subjective Well-Being Among College Students and Community Adults
Article first published online: 11 JAN 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Personality © 2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 79, Issue 1, pages 191–221, February 2011
How to Cite
Wei, M., Liao, K. Y.-H., Ku, T.-Y. and Shaffer, P. A. (2011), Attachment, Self-Compassion, Empathy, and Subjective Well-Being Among College Students and Community Adults. Journal of Personality, 79: 191–221. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00677.x
- Issue published online: 11 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 11 JAN 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 17 AUG 2010 12:30PM EST
ABSTRACT Research on subjective well-being suggests that it is only partly a function of environmental circumstances. There may be a personality characteristic or a resilient disposition toward experiencing high levels of well-being even in unfavorable circumstances. Adult attachment may contribute to this resilient disposition. This study examined whether the association between attachment anxiety and subjective well-being was mediated by Neff's (2003a, 2003b) concept of self-compassion. It also examined empathy toward others as a mediator in the association between attachment avoidance and subjective well-being. In Study 1, 195 college students completed self-report surveys. In Study 2, 136 community adults provided a cross-validation of the results. As expected, across these 2 samples, findings suggested that self-compassion mediated the association between attachment anxiety and subjective well-being, and emotional empathy toward others mediated the association between attachment avoidance and subjective well-being.