This research was supported in part by the Intramural Research Program of the National Institute on Aging, NIH.
Trait Dissociation and the Subjective Affective, Motivational, and Phenomenological Experience of Self-Defining Memories
Article first published online: 26 SEP 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Personality © 2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 79, Issue 5, pages 939–964, October 2011
How to Cite
Sutin, A. R. and Stockdale, G. D. (2011), Trait Dissociation and the Subjective Affective, Motivational, and Phenomenological Experience of Self-Defining Memories. Journal of Personality, 79: 939–964. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00708.x
- Issue published online: 26 SEP 2011
- Article first published online: 26 SEP 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 1 DEC 2010 06:50AM EST
Abstract The present research reports 2 studies that examine the relation between nonpathological trait dissociation and the subjective affect, motivation, and phenomenology of self-defining memories. In Study 1 (N=293), participants retrieved and rated the emotional and motivational experience of a general and a positive and negative achievement-related memory. Study 2 (N=449) extended these ratings to relationship-related memories and the phenomenological experience of the memory. Dissociation was associated with incongruent affect in valenced memories (e.g., positive affect in a negative memory) and memories that were visually incoherent and saturated with power motivation, hubristic pride, and shame, regardless of valence or domain. The present findings demonstrate that autobiographical memories, which integrate emotional, motivational, and phenomenological components, reflect the emotional and motivational processes inherent to dissociation.