Stability and Change Self-Integration for Negative Events: The Role of Listener Responsiveness and Elaboration
Article first published online: 2 MAY 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Personality © 2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 79, Issue 3, pages 469–498, June 2011
How to Cite
Weeks, T. L. and Pasupathi, M. (2011), Stability and Change Self-Integration for Negative Events: The Role of Listener Responsiveness and Elaboration. Journal of Personality, 79: 469–498. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2011.00685.x
- Issue published online: 2 MAY 2011
- Article first published online: 2 MAY 2011
ABSTRACT Self-integration, critical to identity, is the process of connecting experiences to the self and often occurs as individuals narrate events. Elaboration (Fivush & Nelson, 2006; King & Raspin, 2004; Smyth & Pennebaker, 2008) and listener responsiveness (Pasupathi & Rich, 2005) correlate with better self-integration, but these variables are seldom disentangled. In this set of studies, we examine how individuals construct connections between the self and experience for negative events. In Study 1, 90 friendship pairs discussed a negative event. Stability self-integration, change self-integration, elaboration, and listener responsiveness were assessed independently of the narrative. Elaboration and listener responsiveness contributed independently and positively to change self-integration but were unrelated to stability self-integration. Study 2 manipulated listener responsiveness and added preconversation measures of self-integration. Study 1 results were replicated, except that elaboration failed to achieve significance, and a significant interaction between initial change self-integration and listener responsiveness was found. Implications are discussed.