Preparation of this article and the research reported in it were supported by National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Research Grant MH 01293 and NIMH Research Scientist Award 5KO5 MH00363 to Seymour Epstein. The authors wish to thank Rose Pacini for contributing to the item pool for the new scales. We also wish to thank Alice Epstein, Cynthia McPherson Franz, and Don Operario for their helpful comments and proofreading of drafts of this article.
An Experiential Thinking Style: Its Facets and Relations With Objective and Subjective Criterion Measures
Article first published online: 26 SEP 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Personality © 2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 79, Issue 5, pages 1043–1080, October 2011
How to Cite
Norris, P. and Epstein, S. (2011), An Experiential Thinking Style: Its Facets and Relations With Objective and Subjective Criterion Measures. Journal of Personality, 79: 1043–1080. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2011.00718.x
- Issue published online: 26 SEP 2011
- Article first published online: 26 SEP 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 17 JAN 2011 09:01AM EST
ABSTRACT In Study 1, an experiential factor divided into the following 3 factors when 3 or more factors were extracted: intuition, emotionality, and imagination; whereas a rational factor retained its coherence. In Study 2, an experiential but not a rational thinking style was positively associated with performance measures of creativity, humor, aesthetic judgment, and intuition and with self-report measures of empathy and social popularity. A rational thinking style was associated with several measures of adjustment. Both thinking styles were positively related to personal growth. Support was provided from several sources for the discriminant validity of the experiential facets. In a third study, the independence of the 2 thinking styles and of gender differences in self-reported data were verified by observations by others of participants' thinking styles. The importance of identifying facets of an experiential thinking style and of discovering previously unrecognized favorable attributes of this thinking style was discussed.