Oddity, Schizotypy/Dissociation, and Personality

Authors


  • This research was supported by Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada grants 410-2007-0700 and 410-2007-2159.
  • We thank Lewis R. Goldberg for making available the data from the Eugene-Springfield (Oregon) Community Sample.

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Michael C. Ashton, Department of Psychology, Brock University, St. Catharines, ON L2S 3A1 Canada. Email: mashton@brocku.ca.

Abstract

The construct of Oddity was examined in relation to the dimensions of normal personality variation and a dimension of schizotypy and dissociation. In 2 studies involving samples of community adults (N = 409) and college students (N = 378), Oddity—as operationalized in terms of perceived strangeness or eccentricity—was found to be moderately related to a Schizotypy/Dissociation factor and also to factors of normal personality variation, particularly Openness to Experience. The modest loading of Oddity on the Schizotypy/Dissociation factor, along with the somewhat stronger projection of Oddity within the space of normal personality dimensions, indicates that the Schizotypy/Dissociation factor should not be interpreted as a dimension of Oddity. The interpretation of the Schizotypy/Dissociation factor is discussed, as are the implications of these results for proposed dimensional models of personality disorders.

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