We thank Rainer Banse for providing us with the stimuli used in Study 2.
The Big Chill: Interpersonal Coldness and Emotion-Labeling Skills
Article first published online: 26 APR 2012
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Personality © 2011, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Volume 80, Issue 3, pages 703–724, June 2012
How to Cite
Moeller, S. K., Robinson, M. D., Wilkowski, B. M. and Hanson, D. M. (2012), The Big Chill: Interpersonal Coldness and Emotion-Labeling Skills. Journal of Personality, 80: 703–724. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2011.00738.x
- Issue published online: 15 MAY 2012
- Article first published online: 26 APR 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 29 JUL 2011 03:40PM EST
Interpersonally cold (relative to warm) individuals may be less skilled in inferring the emotional states of others, a factor that should contribute to their poorer social relationships. Systematic support for this hypothesis was obtained in 4 studies (total N = 434 undergraduates) involving diverse emotion- and affect-decoding tasks. Specifically, relatively cold individuals exhibited lower accuracy in decoding emotional facial expressions (Study 1), in labeling the emotions of others from audio and video clips (Study 2), in predicting the emotions of others from social scenario descriptions (Study 3), and in the normative accuracy of their word evaluations (Study 4). Altogether, the results demonstrate that cold individuals appear broadly deficient in linking emotion and affect to relevant environmental stimuli. Implications of the findings for understanding the nature and correlates of interpersonal coldness are discussed.