Get access

The Five-Factor Model of Personality Disorder and DSM-5


Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Timothy J. Trull, 210 McAlester Hall, Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211. Email:


The Five-Factor Model of personality disorders (FFMPD; Widiger & Mullins-Sweatt, 2009) developed from the recognition that the popular Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality could be used to describe and understand the official personality disorder (PD) constructs from the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) diagnostic manuals (e.g., DSM-IV-TR, APA, 2000). This article provides an overview of the FFM, highlighting its validity and utility in characterizing PDs as well as its ability to provide a comprehensive account of personality pathology in general. In 2013, DSM-5 is scheduled to appear, and the “hybrid” PD proposal will emphasize a 25–personality trait model. I present the current version of this new model, compare it to the FFMPD, and discuss issues related to the implementation of the FFMPD.