Portions of this work were supported by NIAAA grant R01 AA016166 to Gregory T. Smith.
Construct Validation Theory Applied to the Study of Personality Dysfunction
Article first published online: 5 DEC 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of Personality © 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Journal of Personality
Special Issue: Five Factor Model of Personality Disorder. Edited by: Thomas A. Widiger and Paul T. Costa, Jr.
Volume 80, Issue 6, pages 1507–1531, December 2012
How to Cite
Zapolski, T. C. B., Guller, L. and Smith, G. T. (2012), Construct Validation Theory Applied to the Study of Personality Dysfunction. Journal of Personality, 80: 1507–1531. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2012.00772.x
- Issue published online: 5 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 5 DEC 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 9 FEB 2012 08:36AM EST
- NIAAA. Grant Number: R01 AA016166
The authors review theory validation and construct validation principles as related to the study of personality dysfunction. Historically, personality disorders have been understood to be syndromes of heterogeneous symptoms. The authors argue that the syndrome approach to description results in diagnoses of unclear meaning and constrained validity. The alternative approach of describing personality dysfunction in terms of homogeneous dimensions of functioning avoids the problems of the syndromal approach and has been shown to provide more valid description and diagnosis. The authors further argue that description based on homogeneous dimensions of personality function/dysfunction is more useful because it provides direct connections to validated treatments.