SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Árpás, K., Tóth, F. and Kiss, J. (2005) Foliage-dwelling arthropods in Bt-transgenic and isogenic maize: a comparison through spider web analysis. Acta. Phytopathol. Entomol. Hung. 40, 347353.
  • Candolfi, M.P., Barrett, K.L., Campbell, P.J., Forster, R., Grandy, N., Huet, M.C., Lewis, G., Oomen, P.A., Schmuck, R. and Vogt, H. (2000a) Guidance Document on Regulatory Testing and Risk Assessment Procedures for Plant Protection Products with Non-Target Arthropods. Pensacola, FL: SETAC Office.
  • Candolfi, M.P., Blümel, S., Forster, R., Bakker, F.M. and Grimm, C. (2000b) Guidelines to Evaluate Side-Effects of Plant Protection Products to Non-Target Arthropods. Gent: IOBC/WPRS.
  • Douglas, A.E. (2003) The nutritional physiology of aphids. Adv. Insect Physiol. 31, 73140.
  • Dutton, A., Klein, H., Romeis, J. and Bigler, F. (2002) Uptake of Bt-toxin by herbivores feeding on transgenic maize and consequences for the predator Chrysoperla carnea. Ecol. Entomol. 27, 441447.
  • Dutton, A., Obrist, L., D’Alessandro, M., Diener, L., Müller, M., Romeis, J. and Bigler, F. (2004) Tracking Bt-toxin in transgenic maize to assess the risks on non-target arthropods. IOBC/WPRS Bull. 27(3), 5763.
  • Harwood, J.D., Wallin, W.G. and Obrycki, J.J. (2005) Uptake of Bt endotoxins by nontarget herbivores and higher order arthropod predators: molecular evidence from a transgenic corn agroecosystem. Mol. Ecol. 14, 28152823.
  • Head, G., Brown, C.R., Groth, M.E. and Duan, J.J. (2001) Cry1Ab protein levels in phytophagous insects feeding on transgenic corn: implications for secondary exposure risk assessment. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 99, 3745.
  • Hellmich, R.L., Albajes, R., Bergvinson, D., Prasifka, J.R., Wang, Z.Y. and Weiss, M.J. (2008) The present and future role of insect-resistant genetically modified maize in IPM. In: Integration of Insect-Resistant Genetically Modified Crops within IPM Programs (Romeis, J., Shelton, A.M. and Kennedy, G.G., eds), pp. 119158. Dordrecht: Springer.
  • ICH (2005) Harmonised tripartite guideline: Validation of analytical procedures. Text and methodology Q2(R1). International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use, http://www.ich.org/LOB/media/MEDIA417.pdf [accessed 19 May 2009].
  • Li, Y., Meissle, M. and Romeis, J. (2008) Consumption of Bt maize pollen expressing Cry1Ab or Cry3Bb1 does not harm adult green lacewings, Chrysoperla carnea (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). PLoS ONE 3, e2909.
  • Ludy, C. (2004) Intentional pollen feeding in the spider Araneus diadematus Clerck, 1757. Newsl. Br. Arachnol. Soc. 101, 45.
  • Ludy, C. and Lang, A. (2006a) Bt maize pollen exposure and impact on the garden spider, Araneus diadematus. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 118, 145156.
  • Ludy, C. and Lang, A. (2006b) A 3-year field-scale monitoring of foliage-dwelling spiders (Araneae) in transgenic Bt maize fields and adjacent field margins. Biol. Control. 38, 314324.
  • Meissle, M. and Lang, A. (2005) Comparing methods to evaluate the effects of Bt maize and insecticide on spider assemblages. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 107, 359370.
  • Meissle, M. and Romeis, J. (2008) Compatibility of biological control with Bt maize expressing Cry3Bb1 in controlling corn rootworms. In: Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods, Christchurch, New Zealand, 8–13 February 2009, FHTET-2008-06 (Mason, P.G., Gillespie, D.R. and Vincent, C., eds), pp. 145160. Morgantown, WV: United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. http://www.biocoutrol.ucr.edu/ISBCA/3 [accessed 19 May 2009].
  • Meissle, M. and Romeis, J. (2009) Insecticidal activity of Cry3Bb1 expressed in Bt maize on larvae of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 131, 308319.
  • Monsanto (2004) Petition for the determination of nonregulated status for MON 88017 Corn. St. Louis, MO: Monsanto Company. http://www.agbios.com/docroot/decdocs/05-242-047.pdf [accessed 19 May 2009].
  • Naranjo, S.E. (2009) Impacts of Bt crops on non-target invertebrates and insecticide use patterns. CAB Rev. Perspect. Agric. Vet. Sci. Nutr. Nat. Resources, 4, No. 23.
  • Nickel, H. (2003) The Leafhoppers and Planthoppers of Germany (Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha): Patterns and Strategies in a Highly Diverse Group of Phytophagous Insects. Sofia: Pensoft Publishers.
  • Nyffeler, M. and Benz, G. (1979) Studies on the ecological importance of spider populations for the vegetation of cereal and rape fields (in German). Z. Angew. Entomol. 87, 348376.
  • Nyffeler, M. and Sunderland, K.D. (2003) Composition, abundance and pest control potential of spider communities in agroecosystems: a comparison of European and US studies. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 95, 579612.
  • Obrist, L.B., Dutton, A., Albajes, R. and Bigler, F. (2006a) Exposure of arthropod predators to Cry1Ab toxin in Bt maize fields. Ecol. Entomol. 31, 143154.
  • Obrist, L.B., Dutton, A., Romeis, J. and Bigler, F. (2006b) Biological activity of Cry1Ab toxin expressed by Bt maize following ingestion by herbivorous arthropods and exposure of the predator Chrysoperla carnea. Biocontrol, 51, 3148.
  • Pekár, S. (2000) Webs, diet, and fecundity of Theridion impressum (Araneae: Theridiidae). Eur. J. Entomol. 97, 4750.
  • Pekár, S. (2002) Susceptibility of the spider Theridion impressum to 17 pesticides. J. Pest Sci. 75, 5155.
  • Raps, A., Kehr, J., Gugerli, P., Moar, W.J., Bigler, F. and Hilbeck, A. (2001) Immunological analysis of phloem sap of Bacillus thuringiensis corn and of the nontarget herbivore Rhopalosiphum padi (Homoptera: Aphididae) for the presence of Cry1Ab. Mol. Ecol. 10, 525533.
    Direct Link:
  • Rauschen, S., Schultheis, E., Pagel-Wieder, S., Schuphan, I. and Eber, S. (2009) Impact of Bt-corn MON88017 in comparison to three conventional lines on Trigonotylus caelestialium (Kirkaldy) (Heteroptera: Miridae) field densities. Transgenic Res. 18, 203214.
  • Raybould, A. (2007) Ecological versus ecotoxicological methods for assessing the environmental risks of transgenic crops. Plant Sci. 173, 589602.
  • Raybould, A., Stacey, D., Vlachos, D., Graser, G., Li, X. and Joseph, R. (2007) Non-target organism risk assessment of MIR604 maize expressing mCry3A for control of corn rootworm. J. Appl. Entomol. 131, 391399.
  • Řezáč, M., Pekár, S. and Kocourek, F. (2006) Effect of Bt-maize on epigeic spiders (Araneae) and harvestmen (Opiliones). Plant Protect. Sci. 42, 18.
  • Riechert, S.E. and Harper, J.M. (1987) Nutritional ecology of spiders. In: Nutritional Ecology of Insects, Mites and Spiders (Slansky, F. and Rodriguez, J.G., eds), pp. 645672. New York: Wiley.
  • Romeis, J., Dutton, A. and Bigler, F. (2004) Bacillus thuringiensis toxin (Cry1Ab) has no direct effect on larvae of the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea (Stephens) (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). J. Insect Physiol. 50, 175183.
  • Romeis, J., Meissle, M. and Bigler, F. (2006) Transgenic crops expressing Bacillus thuringiensis toxins and biological control. Nat. Biotechnol. 24, 6371.
  • Romeis, J., Bartsch, D., Bigler, F., Candolfi, M.P., Gielkens, M.M.C., Hartley, S.E., Hellmich, R.L., Huesing, J.E., Jepson, P.C., Layton, R., Quemada, H., Raybould, A., Rose, R.I., Schiemann, J., Sears, M.K., Shelton, A.M., Sweet, J., Vaituzis, Z. and Wolt, J.D. (2008) Assessment of risk of insect-resistant transgenic crops to nontarget arthropods. Nat. Biotechnol. 26, 203208.
  • Romeis, J., Meissle, M., Raybould, A. and Hellmich, R.L. (2009) Impact of insect-resistant transgenic crops on above-ground non-target arthropods. In: Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops (Ferry, N. and Gatehouse, A.M.R., eds), pp. 165198. Wallingford: CABI.
  • Smith, R.B. and Mommsen, T.P. (1984) Pollen feeding in an orb-weaving spider. Science, 226, 13301332.
  • Sunderland, K.D. (1999) Mechanisms underlying the effects of spiders on pest populations. J. Arachnol. 27, 308316.
  • Sunderland, K.D., Axelsen, J.A., Dromph, K., Freier, B., Hemptinne, J.L., Holst, N.H., Mols, P.J.M., Petersen, M.K., Powell, W., Ruggle, P., Triltsch, H. and Winder, L. (1997) Pest control by a community of natural enemies. Acta Jutl. 72, 271326.
  • Toft, S. (1999) Prey choice and spider fitness. J. Arachnol. 27, 301307.
  • Toschki, A., Hothorn, L.A. and Ross-Nickoll, M. (2007) Effects of cultivation of genetically modified Bt maize on epigeic arthropods (Araneae; Carabidae). Environ. Entomol. 36, 967981.
  • Vaughn, T., Cavato, T., Brar, G., Coombe, T., DeGooyer, T., Ford, S., Groth, M., Howe, A., Johnson, S., Kolacz, K., Pilcher, C., Purcell, J., Romano, C., English, L. and Pershing, J. (2005) A method of controlling corn rootworm feeding using a Bacillus thuringiensis protein expressed in transgenic maize. Crop Sci. 45, 931938.
  • Vogelei, A. and Greissl, R. (1989) Survival strategies of the crab spider Thomisus onustus Walckenaer 1806 (Chelicerata, Arachnida, Thomisidae). Oecologia, 80, 515.
  • Volkmar, C. and Freier, B. (2003) Spider communities in Bt. maize and not genetically modified maize fields (in German). Z. Pflanzenkrankh. Pflanzenschutz, 110, 572582.
  • Wolfenbarger, L.L., Naranjo, S.E., Lundgren, J.G., Bitzer, R.J. and Watrud, L.S. (2008) Bt crop effects on functional guilds of non-target arthropods: a meta-analysis. PLoS ONE 3, e2118.