I am very grateful for: the Government of Botswana's permission to conduct research in Botswana; financial support from the Fulbright Foundation, the Social Science Research Council, and University of New Orleans; institutional support from the University of Botswana; and help from respondents and friends in Botswana. Comments from Sandra Joireman, Jesse Ribot and three anonymous reviewers enriched the paper; I remain responsible for its limitations.
Defining Political Community and Rights to Natural Resources in Botswana
Article first published online: 23 JUN 2009
© Institute of Social Studies 2009
Development and Change
Volume 40, Issue 2, pages 281–305, March 2009
How to Cite
Poteete, A. R. (2009), Defining Political Community and Rights to Natural Resources in Botswana. Development and Change, 40: 281–305. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7660.2009.01515.x
- Issue published online: 23 JUN 2009
- Article first published online: 23 JUN 2009
Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM), once presented as the best way to protect common pool natural resources, now attracts a growing chorus of critiques that either question its underlying assumptions or emphasize problems related to institutional design. These critiques overlook connections between the definition of rights to natural resources and membership in political communities. The potential for competing definitions of political identity and rights across natural resources arises when property rights regimes differ across natural resources and these different systems of rights appeal to alternative definitions of community. In Botswana, the entangling of natural resource policy with identity politics contributed to a partial recentralization of CBNRM in 2007.