The research for this article was conducted during my PhD at the department of anthropology, London School of Economics and during my post-doctoral position at the Crisis States Research Centre, at the London School of Economics. I would like to thank Edward Simpson, Eric Morier-Genoud, Ross Truscott, Fraser McNeil, the reviewers of this article and especially the guest editors of this volume for their comments.
The Party and the State: Frelimo and Social Stratification in Post-socialist Mozambique
Article first published online: 16 AUG 2010
© International Institute of Social Studies 2010
Development and Change
Volume 41, Issue 4, pages 679–698, July 2010
How to Cite
Sumich, J. (2010), The Party and the State: Frelimo and Social Stratification in Post-socialist Mozambique. Development and Change, 41: 679–698. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7660.2010.01653.x
- Issue published online: 16 AUG 2010
- Article first published online: 16 AUG 2010
This contribution examines the relationship between the ruling Frelimo party and the state it controls in post-socialist Mozambique. It argues that while democratic reforms may have altered state structures since the end of single-party socialism in 1992, power remains concentrated in Frelimo, which has actually increased its hold and become more deeply entrenched during the liberal period. The party is not only the dominant political force in the nation, but its structures provide a layered form of social stratification within the nation and also one of the major routes of social mobility available to many Mozambicans. Democratization has largely allowed the party to become one of the primary ‘arenas of negotiation’ in Mozambique by channelling various demands and interests through its internal structures.