The authors are grateful for the comments of Tom Brewer, Mona Haddad, Paul Hodson, Andreas Kopp, Brian Levy, Muthukumara Mani and Philip Schuler. This work is funded in part by the Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Trade and Development supported by the UK, Swedish and Norwegian governments. The views expressed reflect solely those of the authors and not necessarily the views of the funders, the World Bank Group or its Executive Directors.
Carbon Labelling and Low-income Country Exports: A Review of the Development Issues
Article first published online: 1 APR 2009
© The Authors 2009. Journal compilation © 2009 Overseas Development Institute.
Development Policy Review
Volume 27, Issue 3, pages 243–267, May 2009
How to Cite
Brenton, P., Edwards-Jones, G. and Jensen, M. F. (2009), Carbon Labelling and Low-income Country Exports: A Review of the Development Issues. Development Policy Review, 27: 243–267. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7679.2009.00445.x
- Issue published online: 1 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 1 APR 2009
- first submitted August 2008final revision accepted January 2009
- Carbon footprint;
- carbon labelling;
- low-income countries;
This article discusses the carbon accounting and carbon-labelling schemes being developed to address growing concerns over climate change. Its particular concern is their impact on small stakeholders, especially low-income countries. The popular belief that trade is by definition problematic is not true; carbon efficiencies elsewhere in the supply chain may more than offset emissions from transportation. Indeed, low-income countries may offer important opportunities for carbon emission reductions because of their favourable climatic conditions and use of low energy-intensive production techniques. However, their effective inclusion in labelling schemes will require innovative solutions to provide low-cost data collection and certification.