Are Geographical Indications a Valid Property Right? Global Trends and Challenges

Authors

  • Hélène Ilbert,

    1. Respectively, Enseignant-Chercheur at CIHEAM-IAM and Senior Socio-economist at UMR MOISA, and Associate Professor and Senior Economist at CIHEAM-IAMM, Institut Agronomique Méditerranéen, 3191 route de Mende, 34093 Montpellier Cedex 5, France (helene.ilbert@free.fr).
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  • Michel Petit

    1. Respectively, Enseignant-Chercheur at CIHEAM-IAM and Senior Socio-economist at UMR MOISA, and Associate Professor and Senior Economist at CIHEAM-IAMM, Institut Agronomique Méditerranéen, 3191 route de Mende, 34093 Montpellier Cedex 5, France (helene.ilbert@free.fr).
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Abstract

This article explores what is at stake in the international conflict on geographical indications (GIs), particularly for developing countries. It first examines how the WTO panel has obliged the European Union to open its registration system to third countries and how the ongoing negotiations on GIs seem to be reaching stalemate. Initiatives showing how GIs are a key political and trade issue are identified in Turkey, India, China, Colombia and Ethiopia. Trade negotiation agendas have to handle this new balance of power, in which the reputation accompanying a good may become common.

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