She would like to thank the participants in the Development and Business session at the 21st annual conference of the Japan Society for International Development for comments on an earlier draft of this study. Also the owner, managers, and workers of Sonapahar tea estate, the staff of the CHAI project and the distributer of Fair Trade tea who introduced her to Sonapahar, and Fumiko Miura who provided her with helpful documents on India's tea sector. The fieldwork in India was financed by the Integrated Research System for Sustainability Science (IR3S) at the University of Tokyo.
Fair Trade Certification: The Case of Tea Plantation Workers in India
Article first published online: 6 DEC 2011
© The Author 2012. Development Policy Review © 2012 Overseas Development Institute.
Development Policy Review
Volume 30, Issue 1, pages 87–107, January 2012
How to Cite
Makita, R. (2012), Fair Trade Certification: The Case of Tea Plantation Workers in India. Development Policy Review, 30: 87–107. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7679.2012.00561.x
- Issue published online: 6 DEC 2011
- Article first published online: 6 DEC 2011
- first submitted January 2010, final revision accepted April 2011
- Fair Trade certification;
- tea plantations;
- patron–client relations;
- workers' perceptions;
- intermediary organisation
This article analyses the impact of Fair Trade certification by focusing on its interactions with the patron–client relations traditionally established between management and workers in tea plantations in India. It argues that the invisibility of Fair Trade among workers, which generally reinforces existing patron–client relations through Fair Trade premiums, inversely hides the patronage of the management, and that workers are empowered when a premium is invested in a community development project led by an independent third-party organisation.