The relationship between puberty and social emotion processing
Article first published online: 12 SEP 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Developmental Science published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Volume 15, Issue 6, pages 801–811, November 2012
How to Cite
Goddings, A.-L., Burnett Heyes, S., Bird, G., Viner, R. M. and Blakemore, S.-J. (2012), The relationship between puberty and social emotion processing. Developmental Science, 15: 801–811. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2012.01174.x
- Issue published online: 29 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 12 SEP 2012
- Received: 24 January 2012 Accepted: 4 May 2012
The social brain undergoes developmental change during adolescence, and pubertal hormones are hypothesized to contribute to this development. We used fMRI to explore how pubertal indicators (salivary concentrations of testosterone, oestradiol and DHEA; pubertal stage; menarcheal status) relate to brain activity during a social emotion task. Forty-two females aged 11.1 to 13.7 years underwent fMRI scanning while reading scenarios pertaining either to social emotions, which require the representation of another person’s mental states, or to basic emotions, which do not. Pubertal stage and menarcheal status were used to assign girls to early or late puberty groups. Across the entire sample, the contrast between social versus basic emotion resulted in activity within the social brain network, including dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (DMPFC), the posterior superior temporal sulcus, and the anterior temporal cortex (ATC) in both hemispheres. Increased hormone levels (independent of age) were associated with higher left ATC activity during social emotion processing. More advanced age (independent of hormone levels) was associated with lower DMPFC activity during social emotion processing. Our results suggest functionally dissociable effects of pubertal hormones and age on the adolescent social brain.