SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Diet nutrition and the preventior diseases: report of a joint WHO/FAO expert consultation, Geneva, 2002 (WHO technical report series; 916).
  • 2
    Institute of Medicine. Nutrition during Pregnancy. National Academy Press: Washington DC, 1990.
  • 3
    National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. Influence of pregnancy weight and child health. Worshop Report. Committee On Children, Youth and Families, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education and Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. The National Academies Press: Washington DC, 2007.
  • 4
    Galtier-Dereure F, Boegner C, Bringer J. Obesity and pregnancy: complications and cost. Am J Clin Nutr 2000; 71: 1242S8S.
  • 5
    Yeh J, Stelton J. Increasing prepregnancy body mass index: analysis of trends and contributing variables. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2005; 193: 19941998.
  • 6
    Watkins ML, Rasmussen SA, Honein MA, Botto LD, Moore CA. Maternal obesity and risk for birth defects. Pediatrics 2003; 111: 11521158.
  • 7
    Wang JX, Davies MJ, Norman RJ. Obesity increases the risk of spontaneous abortion during infertility treatment. Obes Res 2002; 10: 551554.
  • 8
    Tsukamoto H, Fukuoka H, Inoue K, Koyasu M, Nagai Y, Takimoto H. Restricting weight gain during pregnancy in Japan: a controversial factor in reducing perinatal complications. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2007; 133: 5359.
  • 9
    Seligman LC, Duncan BB, Branchtein L, Gaio DS, Mengue SS, Schmidt MI. Obesity and gestational weight gain: cesarean delivery and labor complications. Rev Saude Publica 2006; 40: 457465.
  • 10
    Sebire NJ, Jolly M, Harris JP, Wadsworth J, Joffe M, Beard RW, Regan L, Robinson S. Maternal obesity and pregnancy outcome: a study of 287,213 pregnancies in London. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2001; 25: 11751182.
  • 11
    Rudra CB, Sorensen TK, Leisenring WM, Dashow E, Williams MA. Weight characteristics and height in relation to risk of gestational diabetes mellitus. Am J Epidemiol 2007; 165: 302308.
  • 12
    Rode L, Nilas L, Wojdemann K, Tabor A. Obesity-related complications in Danish single cephalic term pregnancies. Obstet Gynecol 2005; 105: 537542.
  • 13
    Raatikainen K, Heiskanen N, Heinonen S. Transition from overweight to obesity worsens pregnancy outcome in a BMI-dependent manner. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2006; 14: 165171.
  • 14
    Oddy WH, Li J, Landsborough L, Kendall GE, Henderson S, Downie J. The association of maternal overweight and obesity with breastfeeding duration. J Pediatr 2006; 149: 185191.
  • 15
    Li R, Jewell S, Grummer-Strawn L. Maternal obesity and breast-feeding practices. Am J Clin Nutr 2003; 77: 931936.
  • 16
    Lacoursiere DY, Baksh L, Bloebaum L, Varner MW. Maternal body mass index and self-reported postpartum depressive symptoms. Matern Child Health J 2006; 10: 385390.
  • 17
    Kristensen J, Vestergaard M, Wisborg K, Kesmodel U, Secher NJ. Pre-pregnancy weight and the risk of stillbirth and neonatal death. BJOG 2005; 112: 403408.
  • 18
    Kanagalingam MG, Forouhi NG, Greer IA, Sattar N. Changes in booking body mass index over a decade: retrospective analysis from a Glasgow Maternity Hospital. BJOG 2005; 112: 14311433.
  • 19
    Gunderson EP, Abrams B, Selvin S. Does the pattern of postpartum weight change differ according to pregravid body size? Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2001; 25: 853862.
  • 20
    Graves BW, DeJoy SA, Heath A, Pekow P. Maternal body mass index, delivery route, and induction of labor in a midwifery caseload. J Midwifery Womens Health 2006; 51: 254259.
  • 21
    Forster DA, McLachlan HL, Lumley J. Factors associated with breastfeeding at six months postpartum in a group of Australian women. Int Breastfeed J 2006; 1: 18.
  • 22
    Ehrenberg HM, Mercer BM, Catalano PM. The influence of obesity and diabetes on the prevalence of macrosomia. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004; 191: 964968.
  • 23
    Doherty DA, Magann EF, Francis J, Morrison JC, Newnham JP. Pre-pregnancy body mass index and pregnancy outcomes. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2006; 95: 242247.
  • 24
    Cnattingius S, Bergstrom R, Lipworth L, Kramer MS. Prepregnancy weight and the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. N Engl J Med 1998; 338: 147152.
  • 25
    Callaway LK, Prins JB, Chang AM, McIntyre HD. The prevalence and impact of overweight and obesity in an Australian obstetric population. Med J Aust 2006; 184: 5659.
  • 26
    Bodnar LM, Siega-Riz AM, Cogswell ME. High prepregnancy BMI increases the risk of postpartum anemia. Obes Res 2004; 12: 941948.
  • 27
    Bo S, Menato G, Signorile A, Bardelli C, Lezo A, Gallo ML, Gambino R, Cassader M, Massobrio M, Pagano G. Obesity or diabetes: what is worse for the mother and for the baby? Diabetes Metab 2003; 29: 175178.
  • 28
    Barau G, Robillard PY, Hulsey TC, Dedecker F, Laffite A, Gerardin P, Kauffmann E. Linear association between maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index and risk of caesarean section in term deliveries. BJOG 2006; 113: 11731177.
  • 29
    Baeten JM, Bukusi EA, Lambe M. Pregnancy complications and outcomes among overweight and obese nulliparous women. Am J Public Health 2001; 91: 436440.
  • 30
    Ehrmann DA. Polycystic ovary syndrome. N Engl J Med 2005; 352: 12231236.
  • 31
    Hamilton-Fairley D, Kiddy D, Watson H, Paterson C, Franks S. Association of moderate obesity with a poor pregnancy outcome in women with polycystic ovary syndrome treated with low dose gonadotrophin. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1992; 99: 128131.
  • 32
    O'Sullivan JB. Subsequent morbidity among gestational diabetic women. In: SutherlandHW, StowersJM (eds). Carbohydrate Metabolism in Pregnancy and the Newborn. Churchill Livingstone: Edingburgh, 1984, pp. 174180.
  • 33
    Frederick IO, Rudra CB, Miller RS, Foster JC, Williams MA. Adult weight change, weight cycling, and prepregnancy obesity in relation to risk of preeclampsia. Epidemiology 2006; 17: 428434.
  • 34
    Villamor E, Cnattingius S. Interpregnancy weight change and risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes: a population-based study. Lancet 2006; 368: 11641170.
  • 35
    Ramsay JE, Greer I, Sattar NABC. of obesity. Obesity and reproduction. BMJ 2006; 333: 11591162.
  • 36
    Larsen TB, Sorensen HT, Gislum M, Johnsen SP. Maternal smoking, obesity, and risk of venous thromboembolism during pregnancy and the puerperium: a population-based nested case-control study. Thromb Res 2007; 120: 505509.
  • 37
    Jensen DM, Damm P, Sorensen B, Molsted-Pedersen L, Westergaard JG, Ovesen P et al. Pregnancy outcome and prepregnancy body mass index in 2459 glucose-tolerant Danish women. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2003; 189: 239244.
  • 38
    Saravanakumar K, Rao SG, Cooper GM. Obesity and obstetric anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 2006; 61: 3648.
  • 39
    Edwards RK, Harnsberger DS, Johnson IM, Treloar RW, Cruz AC. Deciding on route of delivery for obese women with a prior cesarean delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2003; 189: 385389;discussion 89–90.
  • 40
    Gore SA, Brown DM, West DS. The role of postpartum weight retention in obesity among women: a review of the evidence. Ann Behav Med 2003; 26: 149159.
  • 41
    Linne Y, Dye L, Barkeling B, Rossner S. Long-term weight development in women: a 15-year follow-up of the effects of pregnancy. Obes Res 2004; 12: 11661178.
  • 42
    Dyachenko A, Ciampi A, Fahey J, Mighty H, Oppenheimer L, Hamilton EF. Prediction of risk for shoulder dystocia with neonatal injury. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2006; 195: 15441549.
  • 43
    Boney CM, Verma A, Tucker R, Vohr BR. Metabolic syndrome in childhood: association with birth weight, maternal obesity, and gestational diabetes mellitus. Pediatrics 2005; 115: e2906.
  • 44
    Catalano PM, Ehrenberg HM. The short- and long-term implications of maternal obesity on the mother and her offspring. BJOG 2006; 113: 11261133.
  • 45
    Catalano PM. Obesity and pregnancy – the propagation of a viscous cycle? J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2003; 88: 35053506.
  • 46
    Moore LL, Singer MR, Bradlee ML, Rothman KJ, Milunsky A. A prospective study of the risk of congenital defects associated with maternal obesity and diabetes mellitus. Epidemiology 2000; 11: 689694.
  • 47
    Hendler I, Blackwell SC, Bujold E, Treadwell MC, Wolfe HM, Sokol RJ, Sorokin Y. The impact of maternal obesity on midtrimester sonographic visualization of fetal cardiac and craniospinal structures. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2004; 28: 16071611.
  • 48
    Borberg C, Gillmer MD, Brunner EJ, Gunn PJ, Oakley NW, Beard RW. Obesity in pregnancy: the effect of dietary advice. Diabetes Care 1980; 3: 476481.
  • 49
    Wolff S, Legarth J, Vangsgaard K, Toubro K, Astrup A. A randomized trial of the effects of dietary counseling on gestational weight gain and glucose metabolism in obese pregnant women. Int J Obes (Lond) 2007; in press.
  • 50
    Gray-Donald K, Robinson E, Collier A, David K, Renaud L, Rodrigues S. Intervening to reduce weight gain in pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus in Cree communities: an evaluation. CMAJ 2000; 163: 12471251.
  • 51
    Olson CM, Strawderman MS, Reed RG. Efficacy of an intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004; 191: 530536.
  • 52
    Polley BA, Wing RR, Sims CJ. Randomized controlled trial to prevent excessive weight gain in pregnant women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2002; 26: 14941502.
  • 53
    Kinnunen TI, Pasanen M, Aittasalo M, Fogelholm M, Hilakivi-Clarke L, Weiderpass E et al. Preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy – a controlled trial in primary health care. Eur J Clin Nutr 2007; 61: 884891.
  • 54
    Widga AC, Lewis NM. Defined, in-home, prenatal nutrition intervention for low-income women. J Am Diet Assoc 1999; 99: 10581062;quiz 63–4, 175.
  • 55
    Verbeke W, De Bourdeaudhuij I. Dietary behaviour of pregnant versus non-pregnant women. Appetite 2007; 48: 7886.
  • 56
    Rifas-Shiman SL, Rich-Edwards JW, Willett WC, Kleinman KP, Oken E, Gillman MW. Changes in dietary intake from the first to the second trimester of pregnancy. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 2006; 20: 3542.
  • 57
    Pick ME, Edwards M, Moreau D, Ryan EA. Assessment of diet quality in pregnant women using the Healthy Eating Index. J Am Diet Assoc 2005; 105: 240246.
  • 58
    Anderson AS. Symposium on ‘nutritional adaptation to pregnancy and lactation’. Pregnancy as a time for dietary change? Proc Nutr Soc 2001; 60: 497504.
  • 59
    Olson CM. Tracking of food choices across the transition to motherhood. J Nutr Educ Behav 2005; 37: 129136.
  • 60
    Guelinckx I, Vansant G, Devlieger R. Do pregnant obese women spontaneously change food intake in the first trimester of pregnancy? Int J Obes (Lond) 2007; 31: S188.
  • 61
    Fowles ER. Comparing pregnant women's nutritional knowledge to their actual dietary intake. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2002; 27: 171177.
  • 62
    Siega-Riz AM, Bodnar LM, Savitz DA. What are pregnant women eating? Nutrient and food group differences by race. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2002; 186: 480486.
  • 63
    Ortega RM, Martinez RM, Andres P, Marin-Arias L, Lopez-Sobaler AM. Thiamin status during the third trimester of pregnancy and its influence on thiamin concentrations in transition and mature breast milk. Br J Nutr 2004; 92: 129135.
  • 64
    Mouratidou T, Ford F, Prountzou F, Fraser R. Dietary assessment of a population of pregnant women in Sheffield, UK. Br J Nutr 2006; 96: 929935.
  • 65
    The American College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Clin Obstet Gynecol 2003; 46: 496499.
  • 66
    Blair SN, LaMonte MJ, Nichaman MZ. The evolution of physical activity recommendations: how much is enough? Am J Clin Nutr 2004; 79: 913S20S.
  • 67
    Zhang C, Solomon CG, Manson JE, Hu FB. A prospective study of pregravid physical activity and sedentary behaviors in relation to the risk for gestational diabetes mellitus. Arch Intern Med 2006; 166: 543548.
  • 68
    Oken E, Ning Y, Rifas-Shiman SL, Radesky JS, Rich-Edwards JW, Gillman MW. Associations of physical activity and inactivity before and during pregnancy with glucose tolerance. Obstet Gynecol 2006; 108: 12001207.
  • 69
    Saftlas AF, Logsden-Sackett N, Wang W, Woolson R, Bracken MB. Work, leisure-time physical activity, and risk of preeclampsia and gestational hypertension. Am J Epidemiol 2004; 160: 758765.
  • 70
    Brankston GN, Mitchell BF, Ryan EA, Okun NB. Resistance exercise decreases the need for insulin in overweight women with gestational diabetes mellitus. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2004; 190: 188193.
  • 71
    Madsen M, Jorgensen T, Jensen ML, Juhl M, Olsen J, Andersen PK, Nybo Andersen AM. Leisure time physical exercise during pregnancy and the risk of miscarriage: a study within the Danish National Birth Cohort. BJOG 2007; 114: 14191426.
  • 72
    O'Toole ML, Sawicki MA, Artal R. Structured diet and physical activity prevent postpartum weight retention. J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2003; 12: 991998.
  • 73
    Blum JW, Beaudoin CM, Caton-Lemos L. Physical activity patterns and maternal well-being in postpartum women. Matern Child Health J 2004; 8: 163169.
  • 74
    Poudevigne MS, O'Connor PJ. A review of physical activity patterns in pregnant women and their relationship to psychological health. Sports Med 2006; 36: 1938.
  • 75
    Ning Y, Williams MA, Dempsey JC, Sorensen TK, Frederick IO, Luthy DA. Correlates of recreational physical activity in early pregnancy. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2003; 13: 385393.
  • 76
    Hulens M, Vansant G, Claessens AL, Lysens R, Muls E, Rzewnicki R. Health-related quality of life in physically active and sedentary obese women. Am J Hum Biol 2002; 14: 777785.
  • 77
    Power ML, Cogswell ME, Schulkin J. Obesity prevention and treatment practices of U.S. obstetrician-gynecologists. Obstet Gynecol 2006; 108: 961968.
  • 78
    Leeners B, Rath W, Kuse S, Irawan C, Imthurn B, Neumaier-Wagner P. BMI: new aspects of a classical risk factor for hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. Clin Sci (Lond) 2006; 111: 8186.
  • 79
    Vahratian A, Siega-Riz AM, Savitz DA, Zhang J. Maternal pre-pregnancy overweight and obesity and the risk of cesarean delivery in nulliparous women. Ann Epidemiol 2005; 15: 467474.
  • 80
    Nucci LB, Schmidt MI, Duncan BB, Fuchs SC, Fleck ET, Santos Britto MM. Nutritional status of pregnant women: prevalence and associated pregnancy outcomes. Rev Saude Publica 2001; 35: 502507.