The interface between obesity and periodontitis with emphasis on oxidative stress and inflammatory response

Authors

  • F. Boesing,

    1. Graduate student (MSc degree) on the Post Graduate Program in Nutrition at the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil;
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  • J. S. R. Patiño,

    1. Graduate student (PhD degree) on the Post Graduate Program in Dentistry at the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil;
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  • V. R. G. Da Silva,

    1. Graduate student (MSc degree) on the Post Graduate Program in Nutrition at the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil;
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  • E. A. M. Moreira

    1. Professor in the Post Graduate Programs in Nutrition and Dentistry at the Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil
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EAM Moreira, Departamento de Nutrição/Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Campus Universitário, s/n°, Trindade, Florianópolis, Brazil, ZIP: 88.040-970, E-mail: addison@ccs.ufsc.br

Summary

Obesity is characterized by the abnormal or excessive deposition of fat in the adipose tissue. Its consequences go far beyond adverse metabolic effects on health, causing an increase in oxidative stress that leads not only to endothelial dysfunction but also to negative effects in relation to periodontitis, because of the increase in proinflammatory cytokines. Thus, obesity appears to participate in the multifactorial phenomenon of causality of periodontitis through the increased production of reactive oxygen species. Within this context, this paper aims to highlight, by analysis and description of previous studies, the interface between obesity and periodontitis, with emphasis on oxidative stress and the inflammatory response.

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