SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Branca F, Nikogosian H, Lobstein T (eds). The challenge of obesity in the WHO European Region and the strategies for response. Copenhagen, WHO Regional Office for Europe 2007.
  • 2
    Must A, Strauss RS. Risks and consequences of childhood and adolescent obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 1999; 23(Suppl. 2): S2S11.
  • 3
    Reilly JJ, Methven E, McDowell ZC, Hacking B, Alexander D, Stewart L, Kelnar CJ. Health consequences of obesity. Arch Dis Child 2003; 88: 748752.
  • 4
    Lobstein T, Baur L, Uauy R. Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health. Obes Rev 2004; 5(Suppl. 1): 4104.
  • 5
    Lobstein T, Millstone E. Context for the PorGrow study: Europe's obesity crisis. Obes Rev 2007; 8(Suppl. 2): 716.
  • 6
    Lobstein T, Frelut ML. Prevalence of overweight among children in Europe. Obes Rev 2003; 4: 195200.
  • 7
    Wang Y, Lobstein T. Worldwide trends in childhood overweight and obesity. Int J Pediatr Obes 2006; 1: 1125.
  • 8
    McMillen IC, MacLaughlin SM, Muhlhausler BS, Gentili S, Duffield JL, Morrison JL. Developmental origins of adult health and disease: the role of periconceptional and foetal nutrition. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 2008; 102: 8289.
  • 9
    Remacle C, Bieswal F, Reusens B. Programming of obesity and cardiovascular disease. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2004; 28(Suppl. 3): S46S53.
  • 10
    Ong KK. Size at birth, postnatal growth and risk of obesity. Horm Res 2006; 65(Suppl. 3): 6569.
  • 11
    Wells JC, Chomtho S, Fewtrell MS. Programming of body composition by early growth and nutrition. Proc Nutr Soc 2007; 66: 423434.
  • 12
    McMillen IC, Adam CL, Muhlhausler BS. Early origins of obesity: programming the appetite regulatory system. J Physiol 2005; 565: 917.
  • 13
    Singhal A, Farooqi IS, O'Rahilly S, Cole TJ, Fewtrell M, Lucas A. Early nutrition and leptin concentrations in later life. Am J Clin Nutr 2002; 75: 993999.
  • 14
    Ong KK. Catch-up growth in small for gestational age babies: good or bad? Curr. Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 2007; 14: 3034.
  • 15
    Dunger DB, Salgin B, Ong KK. Session 7: early nutrition and later health early developmental pathways of obesity and diabetes risk. Proc Nutr Soc 2007; 66: 451457.
  • 16
    Martorell R, Stein AD, Schroeder DG. Early nutrition and later adiposity. J Nutr 2001; 131: 874S80S.
  • 17
    Horta BL, Bahl R, Martines J, Victora C. Evidence on the Long-Term Effects of Breastfeeding: Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. World Health Organization: Geneva, 2007.
  • 18
    Ip S, Chung M, Raman G, Chew P, Magula N, DeVine D, Trikalinos T, Lau J. Breastfeeding and maternal and infant health outcomes in developed countries. Evid Rep Technol Assess (Full Rep) 2007; 1186.
  • 19
    Singhal A, Lanigan J. Breastfeeding, early growth and later obesity. Obes Rev 2007; 8(Suppl. 1): 5154.
  • 20
    Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ 2000; 320: 12401243.
  • 21
    World Health Organization. Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. Report of a WHO Consultation. World Health Organ Tech Rep Ser. World Health Organization, Geneva, 2000.
  • 22
    WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study Group. WHO Child Growth Standards based on length/height, weight and age. Acta Paediatr Suppl 2006; 450: 7685.
  • 23
    WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study Group. Enrolment and baseline characteristics in the WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study. Acta Paediatr Suppl 2006; 450: 715.
  • 24
    WHO. Child Growth Standards: Training Course on Child Growth Assessment. WHO: Geneva, 2006.
  • 25
    Serra-Majem L, Aranceta BJ, Perez-Rodrigo C, Ribas-Barba L, Delgado-Rubio A. Prevalence and determinants of obesity in Spanish children and young people. Br J Nutr 2006; 96(Suppl. 1): S67S72.
  • 26
    Serra-Majem L, Ribas-Barba L, Perez-Rodrigo C, Ngo J, Aranceta J. Methodological limitations in measuring childhood and adolescent obesity and overweight in epidemiological studies: does overweight fare better than obesity? Public Health Nutr 2007; 10: 11121120.
  • 27
    Wright C, Lakshman R, Emmett P, Ong KK. Implications of adopting the WHO 2006 Child Growth Standard in the UK: two prospective cohort studies. Arch Dis Child 2008; 93: 566569.
  • 28
    Mei Z, Ogden CL, Flegal KM, Grummer-Strawn LM. Comparison of the prevalence of shortness, underweight, and overweight among US children aged 0 to 59 months by using the CDC 2000 and the WHO 2006 Growth Charts. J Pediatr 2008; 153: 622628.
  • 29
    Nash A, Secker D, Corey M, Dunn M, O'Connor DL. Field testing of the 2006 World Health Organization growth charts from birth to 2 years: assessment of hospital undernutrition and overnutrition rates and the usefulness of BMI. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2008; 32: 145153.
  • 30
    Chinn S, Rona RJ. International definitions of overweight and obesity for children: a lasting solution? Ann Hum Biol 2002; 29: 306313.
  • 31
    Cole TJ. Children grow and horses race: is the adiposity rebound a critical period for later obesity? BMC Pediatr 2004; 4: 6.
  • 32
    Taylor RW, Grant AM, Goulding A, Williams SM. Early adiposity rebound: review of papers linking this to subsequent obesity in children and adults. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2005; 8: 607612.
  • 33
    Vignerová J, Humenikova L, Brabec M, Riedlova J, Bláha P. Long-term changes in body weight, BMI, and adiposity rebound among children and adolescents in the Czech Republic. Econ Hum Biol 2007; 5: 409425.
  • 34
    Lioret S, Touvier M, Dubuisson C, Dufour A, Calamassi-Tran G, Lafay L, Volatier JL, Maire B. Trends in child overweight rates and energy intake in France from 1999 to 2007: relationships with socioeconomic status. Obesity 2009; 17: 10921100. doi:10.1038/oby.2008.619
  • 35
    Péneau S, Salanave B, Rolland-Cachera MF, Castetbon K, Hercberg S. The prevalence of overweight and obesity in 7–9 year old children in France is stable between 2000 and 2007. Int J Obes (Lond) 2008; 32(Suppl. 1): S196.
  • 36
    Lazzeri G, Rossi S, Pammolli A, Pilato V, Pozzi T, Giacchi MV. Underweight and overweight among children and adolescents in Tuscany (Italy). Prevalence and short-term trends. J Prev Med Hyg 2008; 49: 1321.
  • 37
    Massa G. Body mass index measurements and prevalence of overweight and obesity in school-children living in the province of Belgian Limburg. Eur J Pediatr 2002; 161: 343346.
  • 38
    Massa G. Obesitas bij kinderen: definitie en prevalentie. Tijdschr Belg Kinderarts 2003; 5: 297302.
  • 39
    Bayingana K, Demarest S, Gisle L, Hesse E, Miermans PJ, Tafforeau J, Van der Heyden J. Gezondheidsenquête door middel van interview België 2004 [Health interview survey Belgium 2004]. Scientific Institute of Public Health, Epidemiology Unit, Brussels, 2006.
  • 40
    Baykova D, Duleva V, Petrova S, Angelova K, Jordanov B, Vatralova K, Ovcharova D. National monitoring of dietary intake and nutritional status of Bulgarian population 2004. Department of Nutrition and Public Health, National Center of Public Health Protection, Sofia, 2008.
  • 41
    Savva SC, Tornaritis M, Chadjigeorgiou C, Kourides YA, Savva ME, Panagi A, Chrictodoulou E, Kafatos A. Prevalence and socio-demographic associations of undernutrition and obesity among preschool children in Cyprus. Eur J Clin Nutr 2005; 59: 12591265.
  • 42
    Savva SC, Tornaritis M, Chadjigeorgiou C, Kourides Y, Epiphaniou-Savva M, Panagi A, Chrictodoulou E, Kafatos A. Research and Education Institute of Child Health (REICH) Cross-sectional study, May-June 2004. Research and Education Institute of Child Health (REICH), Cyprus, 2005.
  • 43
    Vignerová J, Bláha P. 4th, 5th and 6th Nation-Wide Anthropological Survey of Children and adolescents, Czech Republic. National Institute of Public Health: Prague, 2007.
  • 44
    Lioret S, Maire B, Volatier JL, Charles MA. Child overweight in France and its relationship with physical activity, sedentary behaviour and socioeconomic status. Eur J Clin Nutr 2007; 61: 509516.
  • 45
    Lioret S. Childhood overweight in France based on the INCA1 study. French Food Safety Agency, Paris, 2008.
  • 46
    Unité de surveillance et d'épidémiologie nutritionnelle. Etude nationale nutrition santé (ENNS, 2006). Situation nutritionnelle en France en 2006 selon les indicateurs d'objectif et les repères du Programme National Nutrition Santé (PNNS). Institut de veille sanitaire, Université de Paris 13, Conservatoire national des arts et métiers, St Maurice, 2007.
  • 47
    Lioret S. Childhood overweight in France based on the INCA2 study. French Food Safety Agency, Paris, 2008.
  • 48
    Manios Y, Costarelli V, Kolotourou M, Kondakis K, Tzavara C, Moschonis G. Prevalence of obesity in preschool Greek children, in relation to parental characteristics and region of residence. BMC Public Health 2007; 7: 178.
  • 49
    Whelton H, Harrington J, Crowley E, Kelleher V, Cronin M, Perry IJ. Prevalence of overweight and obesity on the island of Ireland: results from the North South Survey of children's height, weight and body mass index, 2002. BMC Public Health 2007; 7: 187.
  • 50
    Onyango AW, De Onis M, Caroli M, Shah U, Sguassero Y, Redondo N, Carroli B. Field-testing the WHO child growth standards in four countries. J Nutr 2007; 137: 149152.
  • 51
    Zaborskis A, Petrauskiene A, Gradeckiene S, Vaitkaitiene E, Bartasiute V. Overweight and increased blood pressure in preschool-aged children. Medicina (Kaunas) 2003; 39: 12001207.
  • 52
    Van Den Hurk K, Van Dommelen P, Van Buuren S, Verkerk PH, Hirasing RA. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in the Netherlands in 2003 compared to 1980 and 1997. Arch Dis Child 2007; 92: 992995.
  • 53
    Frenken F. Statistics Netherlands. Health Interview Survey 1981–2006. Herleen, the Netherlands, 2007.
  • 54
    Szponar L, Sekula W, Rychlik E, Oltarzewski M, Figurska K. Household food consumption and anthropometric survey. National Food and Nutrition Institute, Warsaw, 2003.
  • 55
    Szponar L. Stan odzywienia w oparciu o pomiary antropometryczne przeprowadzone wsród 4153 osób [Nutritional status on the basis of anthropometric measurements of 4153 persons]. In: SzponarL, SekulaW, RychlikE, OltarzewskiM, FigurskaK (eds). Badania Indywidualnego Spozycia Zywmosci i Stanu Odzywienia W Gospodarstwach Domowych [Household Food Consumption and Anthropometric Survey]. Instytut Zywnosci i Zywienia: Warsaw, 2003, pp. 444508.
  • 56
    Rito A. Estado nutricional de crianças e oferta alimentar do pré-escolar do município de Coimbra, Portugal, 2001. Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde. Rio de Janeiro., 2004.
  • 57
    Nanu M. Nutritional status of children under 5 year old. National nutritional surveillance programme 1993–2002. Alfred Rusescu Institute for Mother and Child Care, Bucharest, 2003.
  • 58
    Serra-Majem L, Ribas-Barba L, Aranceta-Bartrina J, Perez-Rodrigo C, Saavedra-Santana P, Pena-Quintana L. Childhood and adolescent obesity in Spain. Results of the enKid study (1998–2000). Med Clin (Barc) 2003; 121: 725732.
  • 59
    Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo. Encuesta Nacional de Salud 2006 – Estilos de vida y prácticas preventivas. INE, Madrid, 2008.
  • 60
    Huus K, Ludvigsson JF, Enskar K, Ludvigsson J. Risk factors in childhood obesity-findings from the All Babies In Southeast Sweden (ABIS) cohort. Acta Paediatr 2007; 96: 13211325.
  • 61
    Holmback U, Fridman J, Gustafsson J, Proos L, Sundelin C, Forslund A. Overweight more prevalent among children than among adolescents. Acta Paediatr 2007; 96: 577581.
  • 62
    Enghardt Barbieri H, Pearson M, Becker W. Livsmedels- och näringsintag bland barn i Sverige. Riksmaten – barn 2003. Livsmedelsverket, Uppsala, 2006.
  • 63
    Stamatakis E Anthropometric measurements, overweight, and obesity. In: SprostonK, PrimatestaP (eds). The Health for Children and Young People – Health Survey for England 2002. Department of Health: London, 2003, Chapter 9.
  • 64
    Hirani V, Stamatakis E. Anthropometric measures, overweight, and obesity. In: BromleyC, SprostonK and SheltonM (eds).The Scottish Health Survey 2003 – Volume3: Children. Healthier Scotland – Scottish Executive: Edinburgh, 2005, pp. 109127.