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Obesity and cardiovascular disease risk among Turkish and Moroccan migrant groups in Europe: a systematic review

Authors

  • J. K. Ujcic-Voortman,

    Corresponding author
    1. Public Health Service Amsterdam, Department of Epidemiology, Documentation and Health Promotion, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
      JK Ujcic-Voortman, Public Health Service Amsterdam, Department of Epidemiology, Documentation and Health Promotion, PO Box 2200, 1000 CE Amsterdam, The Netherlands. E-mail: jujcic@ggd.amsterdam.nl
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  • C. A. Baan,

    1. National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Centre for Prevention and Health Services Research, Bilthoven, The Netherlands
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  • J. C. Seidell,

    1. Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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  • A. P. Verhoeff

    1. Public Health Service Amsterdam, Department of Epidemiology, Documentation and Health Promotion, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    2. Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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JK Ujcic-Voortman, Public Health Service Amsterdam, Department of Epidemiology, Documentation and Health Promotion, PO Box 2200, 1000 CE Amsterdam, The Netherlands. E-mail: jujcic@ggd.amsterdam.nl

Summary

Migrants from Turkey and Morocco are among the largest ethnic minority groups in several European countries. In this review, we aimed to systematically search, assess and describe the available literature on cardiovascular disease (CVD), obesity and other endogenous cardiovascular risk factors among these groups. Although the number of publications covering this topic among Turkish and Moroccan migrants has increased in the past decades, studies among these groups, especially the Moroccan, are still limited. There is a particular lack of information on CVD mortality and morbidity rates. Furthermore, studies are often hampered by low participation rates, small sample sizes and self-reported data. This further complicates drawing sound conclusions on CVD and risk factors among these migrant groups. The results with regard to CVD morbidity and mortality rates are inconclusive. With regard to CVD risk factors, we tentatively conclude that obesity and diabetes are more common among Turkish and Moroccan migrant groups in Europe than the western European population. In the Turkish population there is also a fair amount of evidence for unfavourable high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. However, more research on this topic among these major ethnic minorities is of high importance.

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