University Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, Centre d’Economie de la Sorbonne, France.
Health, Education and Emergence from the Development Trap
Article first published online: 7 SEP 2011
© 2011 The Authors. African Development Review © 2011 African Development Bank
African Development Review
Volume 23, Issue 3, pages 300–312, September / Septembre 2011
How to Cite
Berthélemy, J.-C. (2011), Health, Education and Emergence from the Development Trap. African Development Review, 23: 300–312. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8268.2011.00288.x
- Issue published online: 7 SEP 2011
- Article first published online: 7 SEP 2011
Abstract: This paper studies the emergence of developing countries from a development trap. It shows that countries whose dynamics exhibits several growth peaks can be considered as cases of equilibrium jump. Applying this criterion to a sample of 65 countries that were initially very poor in 1950, it identifies 13 such countries, called ‘emerging economies’. Comparing emerging and non-emerging economies in the 1950s and early 1960s, it shows that economic take-offs starting in the 1960s can be related to health and education in the early 1950s, while other possible factors, such as savings, openness and democracy are not significant.