With the millennium as a springboard, the United Nations embarked on an ambitious plan in the 1990s to halve the number of the world's population suffering from hunger by the year 2015. But despite UN Secretary General Ban-Ki Moon's upbeat progress report on the Millennium Goals last summer, a new problem is emerging around food prices and food shortages. This problem has prompted swift action by the UN to try to avert looming food price crises throughout the developing world which could quickly undo much of the progress outlined in the report. In the developing world there is a very serious risk that fewer people will be able to get food. How may anthropologists contribute to this emerging problem?