The Scalar Production of Injustice within the Urban Forest
Article first published online: 12 JAN 2004
Volume 35, Issue 5, pages 980–998, November 2003
How to Cite
Heynen, N. C. (2003), The Scalar Production of Injustice within the Urban Forest. Antipode, 35: 980–998. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8330.2003.00367.x
- Issue published online: 12 JAN 2004
- Article first published online: 12 JAN 2004
Research has recently argued, quite successfully, for a more dialectic appreciation of urban nature/society relations. Despite this progress, there is still the need to recognize that the social production of urban environments explicitly leads to uneven urban environments and environmental injustice. Environmental inequalities clearly exist within cities; when taking into account how environmental externalities play out at different scales, the degree to which something is unjust becomes less clear. This paper discusses how the scales at which socially produced urban forest externalities play out pose difficulties for considering environmental injustice. This issue, while interesting from the point of view of considering scalar nature/social dialects, also makes policy considerations for urban reforestation problematic as a result of the ways in which urban forests contribute to local/global ecological scenarios.