Abstract: There has been much deliberation over future solutions to the Palestinian–Israeli impasse. These invariably revolve around the two-state solution. However, some have argued that a one-state solution would be preferable because it stresses the need to imagine Palestinians and Israelis as connected rather than as separate. This article examines notions of a one-state solution and highlights the useful role that geographers can play in discussing such notions. In particular, it focuses on the need to re-think relationships between citizenship, national identity and the nation-state in order to emphasise the importance of shared pasts, presents and futures in the region. The article also outlines the relevance of postcolonial, diasporic and transnational theories to geographical discussions on the one-state solution and concludes that the use of such theories potentially allows a more hopeful exploration of the complex identities, lives and performances of people as they struggle to negotiate contested spaces and places.