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Keywords:

  • antagonism;
  • capitalism;
  • class;
  • climate change;
  • social movements

Abstract:  The “movement of movements” has reached an impasse, from which innovation and expansion appear out of reach. Given these circumstances a re-examination of concepts such as antagonism and class hatred might be timely. Antagonism has never disappeared. It is present in climate-change politics as much as in those of the Black Bloc—both examples we discuss here. Indeed antagonism permeates capitalism and drives capitalist development. But a politics founded purely on antagonism quickly comes up against its own limits. The transformative power of love—whilst simultaneously coupled in productive tension with antagonism—offers the possibility of exodus.