Governing Knowledge: Discourses and Tactics of the European Union in Trade-Related Intellectual Property Negotiations
Article first published online: 10 FEB 2011
© 2011 The Authors Antipode © 2011 Editorial Board of Antipode.
Special Issue: Bio(necro)polis: Marx, Surplus Populations, and the Spatial Dialectics of Reproduction and ‘Race’
Volume 43, Issue 5, pages 1883–1910, November 2011
How to Cite
Robinson, D. and Gibson, C. (2011), Governing Knowledge: Discourses and Tactics of the European Union in Trade-Related Intellectual Property Negotiations. Antipode, 43: 1883–1910. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8330.2010.00860.x
- Issue published online: 12 OCT 2011
- Article first published online: 10 FEB 2011
- Caribbean and Pacific (ACP);
- European Union (EU);
- intellectual property;
- trade negotiations
Abstract: With global shifts in the format of international trade negotiations—from multilateral to bilateral and regional fora—possibilities for the unequal exercise of power have amplified. At risk are the trade-related interests of “developing” economies, as well as public policy issues like access to medicines. In response we analyse some of the emerging governmental approaches currently being employed for trade-related intellectual property (IP) rules. Our concern is to provide a deeper understanding of the ways power is exercised internationally. Here, we explore the European Union (EU) approaches towards trade negotiations. Examining the role of the EU in IP-related trade negotiations, recent actions towards “economic partnership agreements” with African, Caribbean and Pacific countries are discussed. Rather than exercise a singular approach, the EU has pursued a range of tactics, including educational and incentive-based measures, but also surveillance of foreign country IP protection, and increasingly overt disciplinary tactics in their negotiations. A veneer of inclusiveness masks a more sophisticated, diversified governing strategy still ultimately concerned with the sovereign or judicial enrolment and compliance of economically/technologically poorer nations to a regulatory apparatus of security that favours European IP interests.