Role identities versus social identities: Masculinity, femininity, instrumentality and communality
Article first published online: 9 FEB 2010
© 2010 The Author. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd with the Asian Association of Social Psychology and the Japanese Group Dynamics Association
Asian Journal of Social Psychology
Volume 13, Issue 1, pages 30–43, March 2010
How to Cite
Echabe, A. E. (2010), Role identities versus social identities: Masculinity, femininity, instrumentality and communality. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 13: 30–43. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-839X.2010.01298.x
- Issue published online: 9 FEB 2010
- Article first published online: 9 FEB 2010
- Received 5 June 2008; accepted for publication 16 April 2009.
- gender identity;
- role identity;
Three studies were designed to prove that while instrumentality and communality are mainly dimensions related to role identities, and thus determined by occupational status, masculinity and femininity are social identities linked to gender. Some ideas are put forward as to the reasons that have led historically to the overlapping of role and gender identities. The studies showed that people differentiate communality/instrumentality and masculinity/femininity, perceiving the former as linked to professional status and the latter to gender membership. Finally, current representations of masculinity and femininity are explored.