I am grateful to Anne Fullarton for making available manuscript records of the Victoria Registrar of Birth, Deaths and Marriages (hereafter referred as Victoria Registrar). The research for this article was supported under Australian Research Council's Discovery Projects funding scheme (project number DP0557958).
PEOPLING THE VICTORIAN GOLDFIELDS: FROM BOOM TO BUST, 1851–1901
Article first published online: 22 JUN 2010
© 2010 The Author. Journal compilation © Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd and the Economic History Society of Australia and New Zealand 2010
Australian Economic History Review
Special Issue: A world in search of gold
Volume 50, Issue 2, pages 148–161, July 2010
How to Cite
Fahey, C. (2010), PEOPLING THE VICTORIAN GOLDFIELDS: FROM BOOM TO BUST, 1851–1901. Australian Economic History Review, 50: 148–161. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8446.2010.00298.x
- Issue published online: 22 JUN 2010
- Article first published online: 22 JUN 2010
Victoria experienced a surge of migration after the discovery of gold in 1851. I explore the social and geographic background of migrants lured to the colony by opportunities opened up by gold mining. When alluvial gold was exhausted, the skills of migrants enabled them to exploit the more difficult deep lead and quartz reef gold deposits and to establish cities and towns. Urban growth was encouraged by high marriage and birth rates in the 1860s. In the last two decades of the nineteenth century goldfields communities generally suffered economic and demographic declines.