• E58;
  • F31;
  • F33;
  • F42;
  • N27
  • Australia;
  • Bretton Woods;
  • central banks;
  • currency basket;
  • exchange rates;
  • New Zealand

The adoption of a basket peg by China in July 2005 raised interest in this form of exchange rate regime. This paper explores the emergence of the basket peg in the early 1970s, using New Zealand and Australia as case studies to examine why it was adopted, how it operated, and their policy-makers' use of it to influence various goals. We highlight the complexity of regime choice following the collapse of Bretton Woods. For Australia and New Zealand, the basket peg was a plausible (although interim) solution when they were reluctant either to peg to a single currency or float.