The Leverhulme Trust provided financial assistance; the Centre of Asian Studies, University of Hong Kong, and the Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University provided support for research. Useful feedback of earlier drafts was gained at the Universities of Columbia (New York), Gakushuin (Tokyo), Glasgow, Hong Kong, London (School of Economics), Manchester, Oxford and York (UK), from Kaoru Sugihara, Pui-tak Lee, and especially David Higgins. The article was vastly improved by the advice offered by two anonymous referees and Stephen Morgan.
TRADE-OFFS AND RIP-OFFS: IMITATION-LED INDUSTRIALISATION AND THE EVOLUTION OF TRADEMARK LAW IN HONG KONG*
Version of Record online: 4 JUL 2011
© 2011 The Author. Australian Economic History Review© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd and the Economic History Society of Australia and New Zealand
Australian Economic History Review
Volume 51, Issue 2, pages 178–198, July 2011
How to Cite
CLAYTON, D. (2011), TRADE-OFFS AND RIP-OFFS: IMITATION-LED INDUSTRIALISATION AND THE EVOLUTION OF TRADEMARK LAW IN HONG KONG. Australian Economic History Review, 51: 178–198. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8446.2011.00330.x
- Issue online: 4 JUL 2011
- Version of Record online: 4 JUL 2011
- Hong Kong;
- intellectual property;
Hong Kong's development as an industrial exporter was advantaged by a flexible institutional regime, which generated gains from imitation-led industrialisation and which allowed the mobilisation of public and private resources to enable a transition to a more stringent enforcement regime for intellectual property. Fragmentary industrial structures raised monitoring costs for trademark proprietors and gave opportunities for infringers to exploit information asymmetries. However, colonial state building, the formation of specialist markets in knowledge, and collective actions by business groups caused the law to evolve. These overlapping processes of formal and informal institutional change were mutually reinforcing.