I wish to thank Marian Quartly, Kate Murphy, Ian Ward and the two anonymous referees for their helpful comments. I should also like to thank Nick Economou for reading an earlier version and his general help with my citizenship research.
“The Spirit of Sturdy Independence”: Robert Menzies' Language of Citizenship, 1942–52*
Article first published online: 13 JUN 2006
Australian Journal of Politics & History
Volume 52, Issue 2, pages 202–223, June 2006
How to Cite
Dyrenfurth, N. (2006), “The Spirit of Sturdy Independence”: Robert Menzies' Language of Citizenship, 1942–52. Australian Journal of Politics & History, 52: 202–223. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8497.2005.00415.x
- Issue published online: 13 JUN 2006
- Article first published online: 13 JUN 2006
- Cited By
Empirical and theoretical studies have shown the development of both the idea and practice of Australian citizenship to be incremental and ad hoc. However, insufficient attention has been placed on the role political language has historically played in the formation and legitimation of such an ideal of citizenship. I contend that language has, in the absence of definition and explication, vastly shaped our past and present imaginings of the citizen. Within this superstructure, Australian Liberals have contingently and ideologically fashioned a language of citizenship emphasising duties and obligations. Robert Menzies provides the great example and it is his construction and use of language which I want to examine in detail as a coherent philosophy of citizenship as well as pointing to the historical limitations of language.