Only in Times of Crisis? Unemployment Policy in Germany and the Netherlands, 1914–1918
Article first published online: 10 SEP 2012
© 2012 The Author. Australian Journal of Politics and History © 2012 School of History, Philosophy, Religion and Classics, School of Political Science and International Studies, The University of Queensland and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Australian Journal of Politics & History
Special Issue: War and Peace, Barbarism and Civilization in Modern Europe and Its Empires
Volume 58, Issue 3, pages 340–352, September 2012
How to Cite
Brok, A. (2012), Only in Times of Crisis? Unemployment Policy in Germany and the Netherlands, 1914–1918. Australian Journal of Politics & History, 58: 340–352. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8497.2012.01639.x
- Issue published online: 10 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 10 SEP 2012
The impact of warfare on social policy development has interested scholars for some time. This research has focused on belligerent countries, while its impact on neutral countries has received little attention. This paper aims to address this gap through a comparison of the development of unemployment social policies in the neutral Netherlands, which nevertheless mobilised for war, and combatant Germany. While the crisis conditions accompanying mobilisation forced these states to become involved with such policies for the first time, at no time during or after the war did they fully surrender their increased interventionist position. The state assumed responsibility for enacting, regulating and funding private initiatives and this role was institutionalised after the war. This study contributes to an understanding of welfare state development in the twentieth century.