From Protection to Competition: The Politics of Trade Practices Reform in Australia and the Trade Practices Act 1965
Article first published online: 13 DEC 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Australian Journal of Politics and History © 2012 School of History, Philosophy, Religion and Classics, School of Political Science and International Studies, The University of Queensland and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Australian Journal of Politics & History
Volume 58, Issue 4, pages 497–511, December 2012
How to Cite
Round, K. and Shanahan, M. P. (2012), From Protection to Competition: The Politics of Trade Practices Reform in Australia and the Trade Practices Act 1965. Australian Journal of Politics & History, 58: 497–511. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8497.2012.01649.x
- Issue published online: 13 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 13 DEC 2012
The Trade Practices Act 1965 was widely criticised as being weak and unproductive. It was a significantly watered-down version of the original Bill overseen by Garfield Barwick. Although the final form of the Act was perceived as ineffective at the time, it is now viewed as an important step towards a national competition policy and a precursor to the opening up of the Australian economy. This paper outlines the economic, political and social background to the introduction of the legislation. We specify some of the factors that explain why its creation caused controversy and its importance in initiating change in Australians' attitudes towards collusive behaviour and economic protectionism.