Does Participatory Budgeting Improve the Legitimacy of the Local Government?: A Comparative Case Study of Two Cities in China (参与式预算是否能提高地方政府的合法性?:中国两个城市的比较案例研究)

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Abstract

This research applies David Beetham's theory of legitimacy to analyse the current decision-making procedures of public budgeting in mainland China. Specifically, it evaluates the impact of two forms of participatory budgeting (PB) on improving the legitimacy of public budgeting in two regional provinces/cities; Wuxi (near Shanghai) and Wenling (a coastal city some 400 km south of Shanghai). Comparative case studies are employed to compare and evaluate the effectiveness of PB in the two cities. The comparisons are made from all three aspects of legitimacy based on Beetham's framework, investigating in which aspects and to what extent PB has contributed to enhancing the legitimacy of budgetary decision-making. Difficulties and limitations in promoting PB in China are also discussed.

从“参与式预算(participatory budgeting)”在中国兴起至今已近十年。由于其改革成效受到普遍认可,试点城市不断增加。本研究尝试用戴维•比瑟姆(David Beetham)的合法性(legitimacy)理论来分析当今中国公共预算决策过程,并以江苏省无锡市和浙江省温岭市为例来探究两种不同的参与式预算模式对所在地方政府公共预算合法性的影响。本文采用比较案例的研究方法,通过比较分析参与式预算在这两个城市的改革模式与效果,从比瑟姆提出的“合法律性(legality)”,“道德正当性(moral justification)”和“认同度(consent)”三方面评价参与式预算如何以及在多大程度上提高了公共预算决策的合法性。最后,文章也讨论了中国参与式预算改革过程中遇到的困难及其局限性。

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