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The Gender Pay Gap for Private-Sector Employees in Canada and Britain


  • Marie Drolet is at the Business and Labor Markets Division of Statistics Canada. Karen Mumford is at the Department of Economics and Related Studies, University of York.


The gender earnings differentials for private-sector employees in Britain and Canada are similar, substantial and significant. Using linked employer–employee data, we show that women are more likely to be employed in low-wage workplaces than men in both counties. After accounting for the workplace, women continue to earn less than comparable men. Although men and women face a more equal pay structure within their workplace than they do across workplaces, a substantial portion of the gender pay gap in both countries remains unexplained by the individual characteristics or workplace effects considered in this study.