Peter Dungan is at the University of Toronto. Tony Fang is at the University of Manitoba. Morley Gunderson is at the University of Toronto.
Macroeconomic Impacts of Canadian Immigration: Results from a Macro Model
Article first published online: 19 JUL 2012
© Blackwell Publishing Ltd/London School of Economics 2012
British Journal of Industrial Relations
Volume 51, Issue 1, pages 174–195, March 2013
How to Cite
Dungan, P., Fang, T. and Gunderson, M. (2013), Macroeconomic Impacts of Canadian Immigration: Results from a Macro Model. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 51: 174–195. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8543.2012.00905.x
- Issue published online: 25 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 19 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 MAY 2012
- National Metropolis
- Social Sciences
- Humanities Research Council Research Competition
We use a macro-econometric forecasting model to simulate the impact on the Canadian economy of a hypothetical increase in immigration. Our simulations generally yield positive impacts on such factors as real gross domestic product (GDP) and GDP per capita, aggregate demand, investment, productivity, and government expenditures, taxes and especially net government balances, with essentially no impact on unemployment. This is generally buttressed by conclusions reached in the existing literature. Our analysis suggests that concern should be with respect to immigrants themselves, as they are having an increasingly difficult time assimilating into the Canadian labour market, and new immigrants are increasingly falling into poverty.