Incremental Models of Policy Formulation and Non-incremental Changes: Critical Review and Synthesis1


  • 1

    The authors wish to thank Gregory Dess, Joseph Picken and Richard Priem for many helpful comments on an earlier version of the paper.


This paper critically reviews two major models of incrementalism and four explanations for non-incremental policy making. Key differences between these models are identified and a model of policy formulation which integrates incremental and non-incremental models is developed. Theoretical and methodological implications of this model are identified and research propositions are developed.