INTERNATIONAL LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION RATES BY GENDER: UNIT ROOT OR STRUCTURAL BREAKS?

Authors


Aysit Tansel, Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University, 06531, Ankara, Turkey. Tel: +90-3122102057; Fax: +90-3122107964; Email: atansel@metu.edu.tr. We are grateful to the two anonymous referees and the editor, Klaus G. Zauner, for their useful comments. Any remaining errors are our own.

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the possibility of unit roots in the presence of endogenously determined multiple structural breaks in the total, female and male labour force participation rates (LFPR) for Australia, Canada and the USA. We extend the procedure of Gil-Alana for a single structural break to the case of multiple structural breaks at endogenously determined dates using the principles suggested by Bai and Perron. We use the Robinson LM test to determine the fractional order of integration. We find that endogenously determined structural breaks render the total, female and male LFPR series stationary or at best mean-reverting.

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