WHO’S THE BOSS? HOUSEHOLD DISTRIBUTION OF POWER IN A NON-COOPERATIVE FRAMEWORK

Authors


Ahmed Saber Mahmud, Advanced Economic Program, Johns Hopkins University, 1717 Massachusetts Avenue, Washington, DC, USA. Tel: +202-663-5983; Fax: +202-452-8713; Email: amahmud2@jhu.edu.

ABSTRACT

When labour market participation influences bargaining power in a household, the male and the female labour supplies can be either positively or negatively related. If negatively related, possibilities include: ‘balance of power’, the complete dominance of one member, and circumstances where inequity persists with incomplete dominance. If effort levels are positively sloped, it is possible to have equilibrium at either high or low effort levels leading to equity. The effects of economic development and wage discrimination are also discussed.

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