Afghanistan's Aynak copper deposit tender process: case study



This paper contributes to the literature of case studies about doing business in conflict zones and post-conflict zones by presenting the details of holding an international tender process in Afghanistan. The potential importance of Aynak to Afghanistan's economy is explained. The tender plan, rights offered, expectations and bid evaluation process for awarding the right to develop the Aynak copper deposit in Afghanistan are described in detail. This paper shows how an equitable, transparent, objective, standards-based process approach, incorporating technically and socially responsible development requirements, may be adopted and implemented in countries with difficult conditions.