This research was supported by an individual NRSA from NICHD to RPC while at the University of Rochester and Rose F. Kennedy Center at Albert Einstein College of Medicine (HD06781-03) and by an NIH research grant (HD20286) to RNA. Portions of these data were presented at the April 1988 meeting of the International Conference on Infant Studies, Washington, DC. We are grateful to Jill Gallipeau, Julide Woodward, Jody Ganiban, Ann Skoczenski, Daisy Edmondson, and Dolly Soto for their help with the data collection, and to Michael Swank and Larry Ota for their technical assistance. RNA was also supported by a fellowship from the John Simon Guggenheim foundation and by NSF grant BNS 87-00864 to the Center for Aadvanced Studies. The helpful comments fo Virginia Valian, Lee Cooper, Diane Kurtzberg, and Herb Vaughan are gratefully acknowledged. We would also like to thank the three anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on an earlier version of this paper.
Preference for Infant-directed Speech in the First Month after Birth
Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2008
Volume 61, Issue 5, pages 1584–1595, October 1990
How to Cite
Cooper, R. P. and Aslin, R. N. (1990), Preference for Infant-directed Speech in the First Month after Birth. Child Development, 61: 1584–1595. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.1990.tb02885.x
- Issue online: 28 JUN 2008
- Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2008
2 experiments examined behavioral preferences for infant-directed (ID) speech over adult-directed (AD) speech in young infants. Using a modification of the visual-fixation-based auditory-preference procedure, Experiments 1 and 2 examined whether 12 1-month-old and 16 2-day-old infants looked longer at a visual stimulus when looking produced ID as opposed to AD speech. The results showed that both 1-month-olds and newborns preferrred ID over AD speech. Although the absolute magnitude of the ID speech preference was significantly greater, with the older infants showing longer looking durations than the younger infants, subsequent analyses showed no significant difference in the relative magnitude of this effect. Differences in overall looking times between the 2 groups apparently reflect task variables rather than differences in speech processing. These results suggest that infants' preference for the exaggerated prosodic features of ID speech is present from birth and may not depend on any specific postnatal experience. However, the possible role of prenatal auditory experience with speech is considered.