Infant Information Processing in Relation to Six-Year Cognitive Outcomes


  • This research was supported in part by a Social and Behavioral Sciences Research Grant from the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, by grants HD 13810 and HD 01799 from the National Institutes of Health, and by NIMH Postdoctoral National Research Service Award MH 15151. We would like to thank Frances Goldenberg, Patricia Melloy-Carminar, Johanna Wolfson, and Susan L. Rose for all their assistance.

concerning this article should be sent to Susan A. Rose, Departments of Pediatrics and Psychiatry, Kennedy Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx, NY 10461.


As part of a longitudinal follow-up of full-terms and preterms, infant measures of information processing obtained at 7 months and 1 year were related to various 6-year outcomes: general intelligence, language proficiency, early reading and quantitative skills, and several facets of perceptual organization (N= 91). 7-month Visual recognition memory (VRM) was associated with 6-year performance in all domains, and 3 1-year measures—VRM, cross-modal transfer (CMT), and object permanence—were related to IQ and/or one or more specific outcomes (r's = .20 to .47). Many of the infant-childhood relations remain significant even with IQ partialed. Additionally, 7-month VRM and 1-year CMT scores were lower for infants who, at 6 years, were considered at risk for learning disabilities. Overall, measures from the first year of life predicted both specific cognitive abilities and IQ at 6 years; to some extent, the specific abilities were predicted independently of IQ.