This research was partially supported by a University of Waterloo Graduate School Fellowship to author Chen and funds from a Killam Research Fellowship (Canada Council) to author Rubin. The authors are indebted to Li Bo-shu, Li Zhen-yun, Jin Hong, and Xu Lei-ping of Shanghai Teachers' University for their assistance with data collection and coding.
Social Reputation and Peer Relationships in Chinese and Canadian Children: A Cross-cultural Study
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
Volume 63, Issue 6, pages 1336–1343, December 1992
How to Cite
Chen, X., Rubin, K. H. and Sun, Y. (1992), Social Reputation and Peer Relationships in Chinese and Canadian Children: A Cross-cultural Study. Child Development, 63: 1336–1343. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.1992.tb01698.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
480 children in Shanghai, the People's Republic of China, and 296 children in Southern Ontario, Canada, aged 8 and 10 years, were administered the Revised Class Play and a sociometric nomination measure. Factor analyses of the Revised Class Play items resulted in 3 orthogonal factors in each of the Chinese and the Canadian samples; the factor structure in the Canadian sample was somewhat more similar than that of the Chinese sample vis-à-vis the original factor structure. The variables that were formed by the same items loading on each factor in both samples were labeled (a) “sociability-leadership,” (b) “aggression-disruption,” and (c) “shyness-sensitivity.” Consistent with the Western literature extant, it was found that sociability-leadership was positively correlated with peer acceptance and the aggression-disruption was positively correlated with peer rejection in both the Chinese and Canadian children. Shyness-sensitivity was significantly and negatively correlated with measures of peer acceptance in the Canadian sample. Inconsistent with Western results, it was found that items describing shyness-sensitivity were separated from items assessing isolation in the factor structure for the Chinese sample. Shyness-sensitivity was positively associated with sociability-leadership and with peer acceptance in the Chinese sample.