This research was supported by grant no. 1R01HD16142 from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (Wyndol Furman, Principal Investigator), and the preparation of the manuscript was supported by a William T. Grant Faculty Scholar award to Wyndol Furman., Appreciation is expressed to Terry Adler, Richard Lanthier, and Elizabeth Wehner for their assistance in the data collection and analyses. We are also indebted to the students of Cherry Creek Schools, Jefferson County Schools, Denver Christian Schools, and the University of Denver.
Age and Sex Differences in Perceptions of Networks of Personal Relationships
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
Volume 63, Issue 1, pages 103–115, February 1992
How to Cite
Furman, W. and Buhrmester, D. (1992), Age and Sex Differences in Perceptions of Networks of Personal Relationships. Child Development, 63: 103–115. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.1992.tb03599.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
In this study, 549 youths in the fourth grade, seventh grade, tenth grade, and college completed Network of Relationship Inventories assessing their perceptions of their relationships with significant others. The findings were largely consistent with 7 propositions derived from major theories of the developmental courses of personal relationships. In particular, mothers and fathers were seen as the most frequent providers of support in the fourth grade. Same-sex friends were perceived to be as supportive as parents in the seventh grade, and were the most frequent providers of support in the tenth grade. Romantic partners moved up in rank with age until college, where they, along with friends and mothers, received the highest ratings for support. Age differences were also observed in perceptions of relationships with grandparents, teachers, and siblings. Finally, age differences in perceived conflict, punishment, and relative power suggested that there was a peak in tension in parent-child relationships in early and middle adolescence. Discussion centers around the role various relationships are perceived as playing at different points in development.