This research was supported in part by a grant from the University of Texas Research Institute to Judith H. Langlois and in part by a NIMH postdoctoral fellowship (MH08556-01) to Laura Hubbs-Tait while at the University of Texas. We thank Kathy Matula and Alice Andrews for valuable assistance in data collection and George Holden for comments on a draft of this article. We also thank the more than 20 researchers in the fields of day-care and/or attachment who responded to our requests for information about “file drawer” studies. Portions of this research were presented at the meeting of the Southwestern Society for Research in Human Development, New Orleans, 1988.
Infant Day-Care, Attachment, and the “File Drawer Problem”
Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2008
Volume 65, Issue 5, pages 1429–1443, October 1994
How to Cite
Roggman, L. A., Langlois, J. H., Hubbs-Tait, L. and Rieser-Danner, L. A. (1994), Infant Day-Care, Attachment, and the “File Drawer Problem”. Child Development, 65: 1429–1443. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.1994.tb00827.x
- Issue online: 28 JUN 2008
- Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2008
The research literature on infant day-care and attachment may be biased by the unavailability of “file drawer” studies, unpublished data showing no statistically significant effects. Replication studies, whether showing an effect or not, are essential to clarify the relation between day-care and attachment. This study of 105 12-month-olds is an attempt to replicate four similar studies summarized and combined by Belsky to show that infants in day-care are at risk for insecure attachment. In the present study, no results were robust enough to emerge consistently, although there was a trend for more negative attachment outcomes to be associated with little or part-time day-care rather than with full-time day-care. In general, the results suggest that the specific measures, definitions of full- and part-time, and statistical techniques used in studies examining the relation between day-care and attachment are likely to affect the outcome of such studies.