The studies reported here were conducted as part of the Munich Longitudinal Study on the Genesis of Individual Competencies (LOGIC) funded by the Max Planck Society. Part of the work was supported by NATO grant 0467/86 to the first author and Kenneth H. Rubin. We wish to thank the children, parents, and teachers involved in this study for their cooperation, the members of the LOGIC group for their assistance in data assessment and coding, Ken Rubin, Jack Block, Wanda Bronson, and four anonymous reviewers for their comments on earlier drafts of this manuscript, and Caroline Bush for stylistic corrections.
Traits and Relationship Status: Stranger versus Peer Group Inhibition and Test Intelligence versus Peer Group Competence as Early Predictors of Later Self-Esteem
Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2008
Volume 65, Issue 6, pages 1786–1798, December 1994
How to Cite
Asendorpf, J. B. and van Aken, M. A. G. (1994), Traits and Relationship Status: Stranger versus Peer Group Inhibition and Test Intelligence versus Peer Group Competence as Early Predictors of Later Self-Esteem. Child Development, 65: 1786–1798. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.1994.tb00849.x
- Issue online: 28 JUN 2008
- Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2008
A 9-year longitudinal study of 99 children observed from ages 4 through 12 showed that inhibition toward strangers was strongly related to inhibition with peers, and test intelligence to social competence with peers, only in the first months of preschool socialization. These correlations decreased later on. Stranger inhibition and test intelligence were not predictive of social self-esteem in middle childhood. However, high inhibition and low competence in the peer group after 1 and 2 years of group socialization did predict low social self-esteem up to age 10. Discussion focuses on the processes that might mediate these correlative relations and on the role of relationship-unspecific traits and relationship-specific individual attributes for later social-emotional developmental outcomes.