This research was supported by the William T. Grant Foundation and the Harris Foundation. We gratefully acknowledge the help of Cairo Arafat, Assia Habash, and the staff at the Early Childhood Resource Center in East Jerusalem for their contributions to this study.
The Effects of Political Violence on Palestinian Children's Behavior Problems: A Risk Accumulation Model
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
Volume 67, Issue 1, pages 33–45, February 1996
How to Cite
Garbarino, J. and Kostelny, K. (1996), The Effects of Political Violence on Palestinian Children's Behavior Problems: A Risk Accumulation Model. Child Development, 67: 33–45. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.1996.tb01717.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
Interviews with 150 Palestinian mothers and their children living amidst the Intifada in the West Bank were conducted to assess exposure to political violence and family negativity as risk factors associated with behavioral problems as measured by the Child Behavior Checklist. The number of risks present in the child's life was significantly correlated with the number of behavioral problems the child exhibited (R = .53, p < .001). The analysis further examined the role of gender, age, and community context in moderating the impact of high levels of accumulated risk on children's behavioral problems. Under conditions of high accumulated risk, boys evidenced more problems than girls, and younger children exhibited more problems than older children. Community context (as indicated by a high or low level of political violence) was a significant factor for girls but not for boys.