Sleepless in Chicago: Tracking the Effects of Adolescent Sleep Loss During the Middle School Years
Article first published online: 3 FEB 2004
Volume 75, Issue 1, pages 84–95, January 2004
How to Cite
Fredriksen, K., Rhodes, J., Reddy, R. and Way, N. (2004), Sleepless in Chicago: Tracking the Effects of Adolescent Sleep Loss During the Middle School Years. Child Development, 75: 84–95. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2004.00655.x
- Issue published online: 3 FEB 2004
- Article first published online: 3 FEB 2004
The influence of the sleep patterns of 2,259 students, aged 11 to 14 years, on trajectories of depressive symptoms, self-esteem, and grades was longitudinally examined using latent growth cross-domain models. Consistent with previous research, sleep decreased over time. Students who obtained less sleep in sixth grade exhibited lower initial self-esteem and grades and higher initial levels of depressive symptoms. Similarly, students who obtained less sleep over time reported heightened levels of depressive symptoms and decreased self-esteem. Sex of the student played a strong role as a predictor of hours of sleep, self-esteem, and grades. This study underscores the role of sleep in predicting adolescents' psychosocial outcomes and highlights the importance of using idiographic methodologies in the study of developmental processes.