This work was funded by the Josiah Charles Trent Memorial Foundation and the Duke University Center for Child and Family Policy. We are grateful to the children and parents who participated in this research and to Lina Ramos for her contributions to data collection.
Physical Discipline and Children's Adjustment: Cultural Normativeness as a Moderator
Article first published online: 21 MAR 2005
Volume 76, Issue 6, pages 1234–1246, November 2005
How to Cite
Lansford, J. E., Chang, L., Dodge, K. A., Malone, P. S., Oburu, P., Palmérus, K., Bacchini, D., Pastorelli, C., Bombi, A. S., Zelli, A., Tapanya, S., Chaudhary, N., Deater-Deckard, K., Manke, B. and Quinn, N. (2005), Physical Discipline and Children's Adjustment: Cultural Normativeness as a Moderator. Child Development, 76: 1234–1246. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2005.00847.x
- Issue published online: 21 MAR 2005
- Article first published online: 21 MAR 2005
Interviews were conducted with 336 mother–child dyads (children's ages ranged from 6 to 17 years; mothers' ages ranged from 20 to 59 years) in China, India, Italy, Kenya, the Philippines, and Thailand to examine whether normativeness of physical discipline moderates the link between mothers' use of physical discipline and children's adjustment. Multilevel regression analyses revealed that physical discipline was less strongly associated with adverse child outcomes in conditions of greater perceived normativeness, but physical discipline was also associated with more adverse outcomes regardless of its perceived normativeness. Countries with the lowest use of physical discipline showed the strongest association between mothers' use and children's behavior problems, but in all countries higher use of physical discipline was associated with more aggression and anxiety.